The Path to Progress Begins with Education

Taiji – It has been a little less than a year since I have been to Taiji, and as I prepared for the start of the 2017/18 dolphin hunting season, I wondered how many families would be ripped apart or completely destroyed at the hands of the dolphin hunters? How much pain and suffering would be endured by these incredible animals? How many dolphins would lose their lives or their freedom as they innocently migrated past the coast of Taiji?

I began to think about how the new season might unfold and wondered how Taiji might have changed since I last visited. I hoped there would be signs that the captive industry was dying, and that the world was awakening to the cruelty behind this industry. Unfortunately, that is not what I discovered upon my return. And while the world is waking up to the fact that captivity is no place for dolphins, other places have increased their demand for wild-caught dolphins, putting a great deal of money into Taiji’s captive dolphin industry.

2017/18 Drive Fisheries Quota, Taiji, Japan

2017/18 Drive Fisheries Quota, Taiji, Japan

The first thing I noticed as we drove into town is the new visitor center. Inside the center was an informational exhibit on the history and culture of whaling in Taiji. Not to be confused with the brief history of dolphin hunting which only began in the 1960’s. While it cannot be denied that there is a long history of whaling here, the claim that hunting dolphins is part of their history and culture can, and must be questioned. Is capturing, training, and selling dolphins part of this history, or did this industry develop as a way to profit from these unfortunate dolphins? Also in this center is a cafe where you can sit and eat while looking out at the bay (I cannot say what was on the menu as it was in Japanese and the workers spoke no English.) Finally, there is a small store there, where various types of whale and dolphin artwork are for sale, as well as food items including vegetables, fruits and cans of whale meat, as well as fresh whale and dolphin meat in a cooler. Dolphin-shaped cookies are also sold.

Across the parking lot is Moriura Bay – the site of Taiji’s proposed marine park. Sea pens that were previously in the harbor have been relocated to this bay. From what we understand, a netted-off area will be created for people to kayak and interact with the (captive) dolphins swimming in the bay. Also planned is a captive breeding program across several different species to help keep up with the demand for captive dolphins. Years ago, when I first learned of this plan I was skeptical that it would actually happen, but it seems plans are moving forward. Also located in the bay are pens belonging to Dolphin Base, where wild-caught dolphins are trained and conditioned for “life” in captivity. Tourists are able to swim with these mammals, and I noted many were, including small children. Dolphin Resort, a facility located on the edge of this bay appeared to be undergoing a major renovation. From what I observed, an increase in visitors to Taiji must be expected.

Dolphin hunting, Taiji, Japan

Banger boats head out in search of wild dolphin pods for capture or slaughter, Taiji, Japan. Credit: DolphinProject.com

And yet, some things haven’t changed at all. Each morning, weather permitting, the dolphin hunters leave the harbor in search of wild dolphins to capture, and/or kill. Each time I document the parade of banger boats heading out to sea, I feel sick.

On the first day of hunting, I got a grim reminder of how brutal the hunting process is, from start to finish. As our team of Dolphin Project Cove Monitors waited at Tomoyozoki Point, scanning the horizon for banger boats, we eventually caught sight of them off to the north, in the dreaded drive formation. Hour after hour passed as the banger boats attempted to drive the dolphin pod towards the cove, yet they were making very little progress. I knew it had to be some species that the hunters really wanted. Over seven hours later, well past their regular work time, the pod – a family of short-finned pilot whales were finally driven into the cove. And, as the nets were pulled across these waters, I knew their fate was sealed.

Mom and baby pilot whales driven into the cove, Taiji, Japan

Mom and baby pilot whales driven into the cove, Taiji, Japan

This is where it all begins, the hunt, or “drive” from the ocean into the cove. We have no way of knowing how many pod members are lost during this process, but many are simply unable to keep up with the drive and succumb at sea. I cannot imagine the terror these dolphins must feel as they are forced towards the cove, desperately attempting to escape the wall of sound created by the banging on the poles of the banger boats. I cannot imagine the stress of enduring this noise for hours. And while in the cove, some dolphins do not survive the stress of captive selection, dying before the actual slaughter or removal for captivity. (In the case of the pilot whale drive, on day three, I witnessed a young calf floating lifelessly in the water.)

At Dolphin Base, one can observe the training process as dolphins are conditioned to become dependent on their trainers for food. A dolphin that is used to hunting and capturing its own food does not easily adjust to this. Once this dependence has been established, the dolphins must learn to perform certain behaviors in order to receive a dead fish reward.  Different dolphins are in different phases of the process. Some are just learning the desired behaviors while some seem to be ready to perform. It is heartbreaking to watch these sentient mammals being forced to carry balls, to turn rapidly in circles, to “wave” with their flukes, to “shake hands” with their flippers – all behaviors that would never occur in the wild. All this suffering, just to entertain and amuse paying customers at dolphin shows.

Bottlenose dolphins learn to perform tricks for dead fish, Taiji, Japan

Bottlenose dolphins learn to perform tricks for dead fish, Taiji, Japan. Credit: DolphinProject.com

As an educator, I speak to many groups of children about dolphin captivity. When I first begin my talks, I ask students how many have been to a dolphin show or swam with captive dolphins. Many hands go up. When I ask them why they went, the most common response is “because I love them”. This begins my discussion about what it means to love an animal. When I show them videos of wild dolphins in the ocean and then compare that with captive dolphins completely bored in-between shows and exhibiting repetitive stress behaviors, I ask them to think about what is best for these mammals. I can see light bulbs going on as many will shout “to be in the ocean!” Kids get it. This is why it is so important to educate, educate and educate some more! Only through education will people, young and old, realize that dolphins do not belong in captivity.

And this is precisely why, year after year, I return to Taiji. I return to educate, by documenting the brutality involved in the capture of wild dolphins and to open the eyes of others to the truth behind the captive dolphin industry. Taiji is truly ground zero for the captive dolphin trade. When the demand for captive dolphins disappears, only then will we finally be able to end this chapter in the book of human history.

HOW YOU CAN HELP

DONATE

Dolphin Project will be on the ground in Taiji during the entire killing season, broadcasting live on social media, blogging and disseminating information for the world to see. Your support has never been more crucial and is greatly appreciated.

Donate to Dolphin Project

WANT TO JOIN OUR TEAM AS A DOLPHIN PROJECT COVE MONITOR?

Interested in joining us in Taiji? Learn about becoming a volunteer Dolphin Project Cove Monitor.

Interested in becoming a Dolphin Project Cove Monitor?

Interested in becoming a Dolphin Project Cove Monitor?

TAKE THE PLEDGE TO NOT BUY A TICKET TO A DOLPHIN SHOW

It’s fast, it’s simple and it’s effective. Take the Pledge now and share with your friends!

Take The Pledge to Not Visit a Dolphin Show!

Ric O’Barry’s Dolphin Project is a non-profit charitable organization, dedicated to the welfare and protection of dolphins worldwide. Founded by Richard (Ric) O’Barry on Earth Day, April 22, 1970, the mission of the Dolphin Project is to end dolphin exploitation and slaughter, as dolphins are routinely captured, harassed, slaughtered and sold into captivity around the world – all in the name of profit.

Every year from approximately September 1 to March 1, a notoriously cruel hunt of some of the most sentient and sensitive creatures on the planet takes place in Taiji, Japan, made famous by the 2009 Academy award-winning movie “The Cove.” During this period, fisherman, or more appropriately, dolphin hunters, “drive” the mammals to their capture or deaths via means of physical violence and acoustic torture.

Dolphin Project is the only organization to have been on the ground in Taiji since 2003. We have revolutionized live streaming and will broadcast throughout the entire season.

Dolphin Project works not only to halt these slaughters but also to rehabilitate captive dolphins, investigate and advocate for economic alternatives to dolphin slaughter exploitation and to put a permanent end to dolphin captivity.  This work has been chronicled in films such as, ‘A Fall From Freedom,’ the Oscar-winning documentary ‘The Cove,’ and in the Animal Planet mini-series, ‘Blood Dolphin$.’

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About Cynthia Fernandez

I was raised to love and respect the ocean and all the animals that live in it. As a teacher, about five years ago, I was telling my students that I would be gone from school for a week as I was taking a trip to Baja California to see whales and dolphins. I was totally shocked by their responses. “Are you going to ride a dolphin?” That question was asked in each and every class. It was then that the light bulb went on in my head. These kids had been miseducated into thinking that dolphins were here for our entertainment. That very day, I decided to do my part in re-educating. My hope was to impart that no animals, including dolphins, were here to entertain us. I decided to focus on dolphins since dolphins and whales had always been my passion.

I had been an activist at a young age. When I found out about the tuna industry killing dolphins as they captured the fish, I made fliers and stood outside grocery stores, asking people not to buy tuna. I knew then, as a child, that killing dolphins was wrong. As an adult, after watching “The Cove," I was inspired to actively do my part to help end captivity and the dolphin slaughters in Taiii, Japan. Realizing that the captive trade is undeniably linked to the dolphin drives, I decided to create presentations for kids that show what amazing animals dolphins were and how they suffered in captivity. I created a three-part presentation for kids that focuses on the captivity issue, presenting information in such a way as to let them decide for themselves how they felt about captivity. As a Cove Monitor, I have traveled to Taiji for the past four years to see the capture process and slaughters first hand. This has served as an invaluable experience for my presentations, as I am able to show students my own photos and videos as well as share my stories from Taiji.

I’ve been amazed by the results. Kids totally get it. They simply need information presented to them and an opportunity to think about and discuss the issue. After presenting to my own students and hearing them talk about it, I decided to visit other schools. I’ve been doing presentations for five years now and have spoken to kids ranging from 3rd grade through seniors in high school.

I feel the presentations have been very successful. Many kids have told me they would never go to a dolphin show or swim with captive dolphins. Many have told me they wanted to help dolphins, and several have gotten actively involved and done amazing things. I’ve had students attend protests, present a petition to the Japanese Embassy and do presentations for younger students.

I strongly believe in the power of education. Kids are the ones who will say “no” to captivity and make positive changes. I encourage everyone to bring this issue into the classroom, and I am available to help anyone who wants to get involved. Together, we can bring an end to the captivity of dolphins and help bring an end to the dolphin slaughters in Taiji.

Educational Outreach / Dolphin Project Cove Monitor

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Educational Outreach / Dolphin Project Cove Monitor

Author: Cynthia Fernandez
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